A robust body of research documents that there are biological predispositions that often exist for depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. However, the new research has shown that medication is only mildly more effective than placebo in the treatment of these problems. In treating these conditions, neurofeedback (EEG biofeedback) may offer an alternative to invasive treatments such as medication, ECT, and intense levels of transcraniial magnetic stimulation. This paper reviews the neurofeedback literature with these problems, finding particularly positive research support for the treatement of anxiety disoders. New findings on the neurofeedback treatment of depression are presented.